Pajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to many linked types of clothing originating in the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting clothes derived from the initial garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but from time to time also for lounging,[two] also by both sexes. Much more typically, pajamas may possibly seek advice from quite a few clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment during the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the primary fifty percent in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a vogue in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is employed by several individuals in India e.g. by Ladies of various lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both of those pidzame sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of night time attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great many Some others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in Talking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become Utilized in London shops. A colleague furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was in some cases the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is due to the White Ants."[ten]
Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix fabricated from gentle cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket ingredient typically has a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Many of us choose to slumber or lounge in just the pidzame pajama trousers, either by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama trousers for guys and boys tend to be bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas in many cases are referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.
Some pajamas attribute a fall seat (also called a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.
Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are several variations in design for instance short sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various supplies. Chiefly from the US, extend-knit slumber apparel with rib-knit trimmings are typical. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, inside the US, they have pidzame got from time to time bundled the latter as a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a sort of limited gown top rated about shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps now refer to women's combination daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these include capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.